Knight Hall Chapel 002 | 10:00-10:50 MWF | 3 Credit Hours|
Exams: All exams will be essay exams. Three exams will be given during the course of the semester. Each of these exams will cover about one-third of the course material and each will count for 25 percent of the student's final grade. The first two exams have been tentatively scheduled for February 19 and April 6. The third exam will be given during the final exam period on Tuesday, May 8, at 12:00-2:00.
Religious Biography Web Sites: In the last five years, the Internet has emerged rapidly to join print publications and oral presentations as important media for the presentation of scholarship. Accordingly, students need to become better acquainted with methods and issues related to the presentation of scholarship via the World Wide Web.
Each student will research an American religious leader who had a significant im-pact on the development of American society and present their findings in scholarly form on the course web site. Course examinations will include questions drawn from the stu-dent web sites. Suggested biographical subjects and due dates are listed below.
Biographical reports should focus on the significance of the individual for Ameri-can history. The details of the individualís childhood, marriage, and career should be covered ONLY if these details are directly related to the personís principal contributions to American history. From past experience with similar assignments, the professor STRONGLY CAUTIONS students not to neglect the substantive content of their reports while adapting material for visual presentation on the Internet. More detailed instructions will be given later in the semester about the mechanics of creating web pages and about other issues related to the presentation of scholarship in electronic rather than printed for-mat.
The web site will count for 25 percent of the studentís final grade. Students must pick the subject of their report and have the subject approved by Dr. Tallant by January 24.
SUGGESTED SUBJECTS FOR AMERICAN RELIGIOUS
BIOGRAPHY WEB SITES: The following is a partial listing
of religious figures who had a significant impact on American
history for use in student web sites. (This list is not intended
to be a comprehensive listing of the most important
American religious figures. It is intended to provide coverage
of several important persons who we will not have time in class
to cover in sufficient detail.) Students may, with Dr. Tallant's
permission, pick a subject which is not listed below. The date
listed in the left column is the date the web page for a particular
topic is due.
WEEK 3 (Jan. 29-Feb. 2): 2 reports
WEEKS 4-5 (Feb. 5-16): 5 reports
Feb. 2: Calvert Family of
Maryland-The Catholic founders of the colony of Maryland.
Feb. 2: James E. Oglethorpe-Philanthropist,
soldier, and founder of colony of Georgia.
Feb. 2: John Cotton-An
influential and controversial minister in early Massachusetts
Feb. 2: Anne Hutchinson-The
leading figure in the Antinomian Controversy of the Massachusetts
Bay colony, Hutchinson was expelled from the colony for her radical
religious views and her challenge to governing authorities in
both church and state.
Feb. 2: Roger Williams-Puritan
dissident and founder of Rhode Island. Remembered often as the
founder of what was literally the first Baptist church in America,
Williams was an important early supporter of religious freedom
Feb. 2: William Penn-Quaker
founder of the colony of Pennsylvania, which under Penn's tolerant
leadership became a haven for religious dissidents throughout
WEEK 6-7 (Feb. 19-Mar 2): 5 reports
- Feb. 5: Cotton Mather-Puritan
champion of religious orthodoxy.
Feb. 5: Theodore Jacob Frelinghuysen-The
earliest revivalist of the First Great Awakening.
Feb. 5: Gilbert Tennent-An
early revivalist of the First Great Awakening, Tennent was the
leading member of a family of revivalist ministers. The Tennents
had much to do with creating a network of prorevivalist ministers
who encouraged and copied each other, thereby vastly expanding
Feb. 7: Jonathan Edwards-America's
greatest and most brilliant theologian. Although usually remembered
for his sermon "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God,"
Edwards rarely preached such fire-and-brimstone sermons and, instead,
usually delighted his congregation with scholarly, theological
discourses. His written accounts of a revival at his church in
Northhampton, Massachusetts, was an important inspiration for
the Great Awakening. Edwards is a major figure, about whom numerous
books and articles have been written.
Feb. 7: George Whitefield-The
greatest and most famous revivalist of the First Great Awakening.
Whitefield was one of the first people to be famous on both sides
of the Atlantic. His sermons drew crowds of astonishing size
and his preaching style and revivalist methods transformed American
religion. Another major figure.
Feb. 7: Ezra Stiles-The
President of Yale College and proponent of rational religion.
Feb. 9: Thomas Jefferson-American
Feb. 9: Isaac Backus-Baptist
minister who influenced the writing of the Bill of Rights.
Feb. 12: Francis Asbury-Influential
Methodist bishop of the early republic, Asbury probably did more
than any other person to build up Methodism in America.
Feb. 12: David Rice-The
Father of Kentucky Presbyterianism and early critic of slavery.
He led reformers in an unsuccessful effort to abolish slavery
in Kentucky in the 1790s.
Feb. 12: Ann Lee-The Founder
of the American Shaker movement.
Feb. 16: Timothy Dwight-The
President of Yale College and moderate proponent of Second Great
Feb. 16: Barton W. Stone-The
pastor of the church at Cane Ridge, where the Great Revival had
its most significant manifestation. Stone became a significant
figure in the Christian/Disciples of Christ/Restorationist movement.
Stone was pastor of the First Christian Church in Georgetown
for many years.
Feb. 16: Alexander Campbell-The
principal founder of the Christian/Disciples of Christ/Restorationist
WEEK-8 (Mar. 5-9): 3 reports
- Feb. 21: Lyman Beecher-The
most influential religious leader of early nineteenth century.
Feb. 21: Nathaniel W. Taylor-The
leading theologian of New Haven theology.
Feb. 21: Charles G. Finney-The
leading revivalist of antebellum period and president of Oberlin
College. Finney's work and theology, perhaps, had more impact
on the manner in which Protestantism is practiced today in America
than any other nineteenth-century religious figure. Reformers,
stirred by Finney's revivalism, were the leaders in various movements
such as abolitionism, temperance, and women's rights. A major
figure, not just in American religious history but in general
Feb. 23: Margaret Fuller-Unitarian
intellectual and a leading Transcendentalist.
Feb. 23: William Ellery Channing-Unitarian
minister who influenced Transcendentalism.
Feb. 23: James Freeman Clarke-
Unitarian minister who influenced Transcendentalism. Clarke was,
for many years, a pastor in Louisville.
Feb. 26: Joseph Smith-The
founder of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (the
Feb. 26: Lucretia Mott-Quaker
feminist and abolitionist.
Feb. 26: John Humphrey Noyes-A
leading proponent of perfectionism and nonresistance, Noyes founded
the Oneida Community, a utopian community which practiced "plural
Feb. 28: Lewis Tappan-Philanthropist
and reformer of antebellum period. Tappan, a leading figure in
the abolitionist movement and many other reforms, came up with
the idea of using cheap, mass mailing advertisements as a means
of promoting abolitionism, thereby creating what we would call
"junk mail." Tappan also invented the credit-rating
system as a means of promoting trade among Christian businessmen.
Feb. 28: Angelina Grimké-Quaker
feminist and abolitionist. In a day when it was thought to be
immodest for women to speak in public, Grimké's antislavery
speeches helped split the antislavery movement and helped create
the women's rights movement.
Feb. 28: James G. Birney-A
Presbyterian layman and Kentucky slaveholder whose religious convictions
caused him to free his slaves and become an abolitionist. Birney
became an important politician and reformer, running for president
as an abolitionist in 1840 and 1844 on the Liberty party ticket.
Henry Clay probably lost the presidency in the election of 1844
because some of his voters defected to vote for Birney.
Mar, 2: John G. Fee-Kentucky
abolitionist minister who founded Berea College. Fee was the
most significant abolitionist who worked in the South before the
Feb. 2: Howard Malcom-Controversial
Baptist minister, author, and denominational leader. Malcom was
president of Georgetown College in the 1840s and was fired for
voting for an antislavery candidate for state office in 1849.
Mar. 2: Thornton Stringfellow-Baptist
minister and chief theological defender of slavery.
Mar. 2: Richard Allen-A
former slave who became first bishop of the A.M.E. Church.
SPRING BREAK (Mar. 12-16)
- Mar. 5: Charles Hodge-Presbyterian
theologian of conservative Christianity. Hodge, perhaps the most
influential theologian of the second half of the nineteenth century,
was the principal formulator of the Princeton Theology, which
is a key component of modern fundamentalism.
Mar. 5: Abraham Lincoln-American
president who championed civil religion.
Mar. 5: The Fox Sisters (Margaret
and Katherine)-Their alleged ability to communicate with the
dead was publicized by P. T. Barnum and prompted a wave of spiritualism
to sweep across mid-nineteenth century America. (Abraham Lincoln,
at his wife's behest, held seances in the White House.)
Mar. 5: Antoinette Brown-The
first woman in the U.S. ordained as a Protestant minister.
Mar. 5: Orestes Brownson-Author,
editor, and reformer, Brownson's politics were based in his religious
views. A spiritual and political wanderer, Brownson moved in
religion from Universalism to atheism to Unitarianism before finally
settling on Catholicism, and in politics, from radical Jacksonianism
Mar. 5: John Hughes-American
Catholic bishop and champion of parochial schools.
Mar. 7: James Cardinal Gibbons-Liberal
Catholic champion of the "Americanist" movement.
Mar. 7: James Ireland-Liberal
Catholic champion of the "Americanist" movement.
Mar. 7: Isaac Mayer Wise-Cincinnati
rabbi and founder of Reformed Judaism in U.S.
WEEKS 9-10 (Mar. 19-30): 5 reports
WEEKS 11-12 (Apr. 2-Apr. 13): 3 reports
- Mar. 21: Henry Ward Beecher-The
most famous religious leader of mid-nineteenth century, Beecher
was as prominent a religious figure in his day as Billy Graham
is today. The son of Lyman Beecher and brother of Harriet Beecher
Stowe, Beecher was an important forerunner of liberal theology
and supporter of many reform movements. His popularity was so
great he was able to survive a sex scandal and restore his reputation
in the eyes of many Americans.
Mar. 21: John D. Rockefeller,
Sr.-The richest man of his day (whose relative wealth and
influence in his day far surpassed that of Bill Gates in our own),
Rockefeller controlled more than 90 percent of American oil refining
through the Standard Oil monopoly. Rockefeller was a prominent
Baptist lay leader, whose large donations to religious and charitable
causes included the founding of the Rockefeller Foundation and
the University of Chicago. Several of Rockefeller's descendants
became important politicians.
Mar. 21: Frances E. Willard-The
President of the Women's Christian Temperance Union.
Mar. 23: Walter Rauschenbusch-Baptist
proponent of the Social Gospel.
Mar. 23: Washington Gladden-Congregationalist
proponent of the Social Gospel.
Mar. 23: Josiah Strong-Congregationalist
pastor in Cincinnati who was the chief influence in efforts to
organize supporters of the social gospel into a reform movement.
Mar. 23: Woodrow Wilson-Son
of a Presbyterian minister, Wilson was guided by a highly moralistic
political philosophy which prompted him to support progressivism
and "missionary diplomacy."
Mar. 26: Charles M. Sheldon-Supporter
of the social gospel and liberalism, Sheldon wrote the book In
His Steps to challenge Christians to ask "what would
Jesus do" in shaping their response to poverty and social
Mar. 26: Dwight L. Moody-The
leading revivalist of late nineteenth century, Moody continues
to have a significant impact on the practice of American Christianity.
Though usually thought of today as a forerunner to fundamentalism,
in his own time Moody was also admired by liberals. He was one
of the last religious figures who was able to appeal to both ends
of the theological spectrum. A major figure.
Mar. 26: Cyrus I. Scofield-Pioneering
theologian of premillennial fundamentalism. His Scofield Reference
Bible continues to impact fundamentalist theology.
Mar. 26: Billy Sunday-Leading
revivalist of early twentieth century and champion of prohibitionism.
Mar. 28: William Jennings
Bryan-The leading Democratic politician in the U.S. from 1896-1912,
Bryan was three times the nominee of the Democratic party for
president. Starting his career as a radical agrarian reformer,
Bryan ended his career as the most prominent supporter of fundamentalism.
Bryan died shortly after trying to suppress the teaching of evolution
in public schools by serving as the prosecuting attorney in the
Scopes Monkey Trial,
Mar. 28: Harry Emerson Fosdick-The
most famous liberal minister in the Modernist debate of the 1910s-20s.
Mar. 28: J. Frank Norris-Pastor
of the First Baptist Church in Ft. Worth, Texas, Norris was an
important leader of independent Baptist fundamentalists and lightening
rod for controversy. Finding the Southern Baptist Convention
to be too liberal for his tastes, he withdrew his church from
the Convention and led a thirty-year long campaign to harass the
Convention. Norris had a violent temper and had trouble getting
along even with fellow fundamentalists. He once shot and killed
a man in his pastoral study after an argument.
WEEK 13 (Apr. 12-16): 2 reports
Apr. 2: Mary Baker Eddy-The
founder of Church of Christ (Scientist).
Apr. 2: Charles Taze Russell-The
founder of the Jehovah's Witnesses.
Apr. 2: Phoebe Palmer-Nineteenth
century pioneer of holiness movement.
Apr. 4: Charles Fox Parham-An
important founder of early Pentecostalism.
Apr. 4: William J. Seymour-Black
Pentecostal pastor who led the Azusa Street Revival, from which
modern Pentecostalism was born.
Apr. 9: Charles E. Coughlin-Conservative
radio priest of the Great Depression. He was one of the leading
critics of Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal.
Apr. 9: Gerald L. K. Smith-Ultra-conservative
minister of mid-twentieth century.
Apr. 9: Charles E. Fuller-Host
of the "Old Time Revival Hour," Fuller was a pioneer
in religious broadcasting and a significant figure in both mid-century
fundamentalism and the New Evangelicalism.
Apr. 11: Reinhold Niebuhr-The
leading American theologian of Neo-Orthodoxy, Niebuhr is a seminal
figure in American intellectual life whose writings significantly
influenced the thinking of even secular intellectuals and reformers
in the 1950s, including Martin Luther King. Niebuhr supported
both the struggle for social justice and the fight against totalitarian
regimes in Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union.
Apr. 11: Dorothy Day-Socialist
and founder of Catholic Worker movement of 1930s.
- Apr. 16: Billy Graham-The
leading revivalist and minister of the late twentieth century.
Apr. 16: Oral Roberts-Pioneer
faith-healer, televangelist, and popularizer of Pentecostalism.
Although always viewed as something of a clownish character by
mainstream observers, Roberts was a major influence on late twentieth-century
Protestantism, doing more than anyone to shape religious broadcasting
and the rise and spread of the charismatic movement.
Apr. 16: Norman Vincent Peale-Perhaps
the most famous proponent of mainline Protestantism in the 1950s-60s,
Peale authored The Power of Positive Thinking, which sold
millions of copies and exemplified much of the religious outlook
of post-World War II America. Peale was the mentor of current
televangelist Robert Schuller and pastor of Richard Nixon.
Apr. 18: Martin Luther King-Baptist
minister and leading figure of Civil Rights Movement.
Apr. 18: Malcolm X-Influential
Black Muslim and radical activist.
Apr. 18: William Sloane Coffin-Minister
and outspoken critic of the Vietnam War.
Make-Up Assignments: Students
will be allowed to make up missed assignments only with the consent
of the professor. Ordinarily, the professor will accept make-up
assignments only in cases of unavoidable student absences, such
as those caused by illness or by a death in the immediate family.
Students may be required to document the causes of their absences
before the make-up work will be accepted by the professor.
Other Departmental Courses in American History and Civilization:
| AMS 250 | HIS 223 | HIS 225 | HIS 227 | HIS 306 |
| HIS 308 | HIS 310 | HIS 312 | HIS 314 | HIS 318 | HIS 325 |
| HIS 338 | HIS 426 | HIS 430 | HIS 432 | HIS 470 | HIS 475 |
| This page was last updated on 1/21/01. | Return to Top of Page | Site Map |
Dr. Harold D. Tallant, Department of History, Georgetown College
400 East College Street, Georgetown, KY 40324, (502) 863-8075