A. Exam 2 will be given on Wednesday, June 14, 2000.

B. Exam 2 will cover:

  1. All lectures from June 7 (French Revolution) through June 13 (Realism and Modernism).
  2. Perry et al., Western Civilization, pages 462-555, 561-610, 637-647, 695-725.
    Use the text to answer questions which occur to you as you study other materials, to cover topics we have not had time to discuss in class, and to reinforce in your memory the material we cover in class.
  3. Donít forget to study the textbook material on modernism in Western thought and culture which was covered on Quiz 2.
  4. Give priority to studying lecture notes

C. Outline Of Exam 2

  1. Take-home question (20 points).
    1. Refer to the handout entitled "Take-home Questions for Exams" for questions. Don't forget to choose a different question topic than you used on the last exam.
    2. Write your essay about the period of history beginning with the French Revolution and ending in the year 1914, omitting the topics of late nineteenth-century nationalism and imperialism.
  2. In-class essay question (30 points, 20 minutes)
  3. Multiple choice and short answer questions (50 points, 25 minutes)

D. In-Class Essays for Exam 2

Students will be required to answer one in-class essay question as a part of Exam 2. The following is a list of potential essay questions for the exam. Two of the essays questions below will be on Exam 2. Each student will pick one of these questions to answer on of the exam. Be sure to cite specific examples to support your answers.

  1. Discuss the social class structure of France on the eve of the French Revolution. What were the three estates? What type of people belonged to each estate? What grievances did each estate have against the government and against the other estates? In what ways was each estate divided among its own members? How did class antagonisms and interests contribute to the coming of the Revolution?

  2. Discuss the causes of the French Revolution. What were the background causes of the Revolution? How did each of these causes contribute to the coming of the Revolution? What was the immediate cause of the Revolution? Which of these causes do you think was most important in causing the Revolution (be sure to explain your answer)?

  3. Discuss the tension between democratic and tyrannical forces in the French Revolution. What was democratic about the Revolution? What was tyrannical or dictatorial about it? Which of these forces was most important in shaping the course of events in the Revolution?

  4. Discuss the Directory. What events led to the creation of the Directory in 1795? What were the greatest successes of the Directory? What were its greatest failures? What factors led to its downfall in 1799?

  5. Discuss the rise and fall of Napoleon Bonaparte. How factors contributed to his rise to fame during the early years of the Revolution? What factors allowed him to gain control of France? What factors were responsible for his downfall?

  6. Discuss Romanticism. What were the major assumptions of romanticism as a movement in the fine arts and as a cultural and intellectual movement? In what ways was romanticism a reaction to the Enlightenment? In your opinion, which group had the better understanding of the world, the philosophes or the romantics? Why?

  7. Discuss the causes and consequences of industrialization in the nineteenth century. What factors prompted the emergence of large scale industrialization in the 1820s? What were the four stages of industrial growth? What were the major consequences of industrialization?

  8. Compare and contrast the responses to nineteenth-century industrialization of liberals, socialists, and Marxists.

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Dr. Harold D. Tallant, Department of History, Georgetown College
400 East College Street, Georgetown, KY 40324, (502) 863-8075