STUDY SHEET FOR HISTORY 223,
A. Exam 1 will be given on Wednesday, October 6, 1999.
B. Exam 1 will cover:
- All lectures from September 1 through October 4 (Treaty of Paris of 1783).
- Tindall and Shi, America: A Narrative History,
Use the text to answer questions which occur to you as you study other materials, to cover topics we have not had time to discuss in class, and to reinforce in your memory the material we cover in class.
- Madaras and SoRelle, Taking Sides, pgs. 1-112.
- Masur, ed., The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin, all
- Give priority to studying lecture notes.
C. Outline Of Exam 1
D. In-Class Essays for Exam 1
- Take-home essay question (20 points)
- Refer to the handout entitled "Take-home Questions for Exams" for questions.
- Write your essay about the period of history beginning with the pre-Columbian Indian societies and ending with the Treaty of Paris (1783), which ended the War of the American Revolution.
- In-class essay question (30 points, 20 minutes)
- Multiple choice and short answer questions (50 points, 25
Students will be required to answer ONE
in-class essay question as a part of Exam 1. The following is
a list of potential essay questions for the exam. Two of the
essays questions below will be on Exam 1. Each student will pick
one of these questions to answer on of the exam.
- Discuss the Indian societies of the Western Hemisphere before 1600. What levels of development had been reached by the Indians at the time Columbus came to America? Why were the Europeans able to conquer the Indians so easily? What impact did European and African migration to the Western Hemisphere have on Indians?
- Discuss the origins of the European explorations of the fifteenth century. What factors promoted European exploration during the fifteenth century? Why were European explorers originally interested in sailing South rather than West into the Atlantic? What were the principal goals of European explorations before 1492? Why did Columbus sail West? Do you think Columbus should be remembered as a heroic visionary or a foolish eccentric? Why?
- Explain how settlement patterns, family life, population growth, and religious life differed in New England and the southern colonies in the seventeenth century. If you could go back in time to the seventeenth century, would you rather live in the Virginia colony or the Massachusetts Bay colony? Why?
- Compare and contrast the economic systems and interests of the three colonial regions.
- Discuss the decision of the British government in the early 1760s to reorganize its colonial system. What factors prompted this decision? What were the major programs implemented by Britain in the 1760s to carry out the reorganization? How did these programs address the factors which prompted reorganization? Was Britain justified in its actions? Why?
- Discuss the reaction of Americans to Britain's colonial reorganization program of the 1760s. Why did Americans react negatively to colonial reorganization? What philosophical and ideological arguments did they use to support their position? What methods did Americans use to protest the reorganization? How successful were these methods in the 1760s? Were the Americans justified in their reaction to the colonial reorganization? Why?
- Defend or refute the following statement: The American colonies had no just cause for rebelling against English rule. The Revolution was mainly the product of the Americans' provincialism, selfishness, misunderstanding, and paranoia.
- Discuss the military balance sheet of the War of the American Revolution. What were the major advantages and disadvantages of Britain and the U.S.? How did these factors contribute to the final outcome of the war? Why did Britain lose the war?