Election of 1872
The elections of 1872 caused problems throughout the state of Louisiana. The election for Governor was no exception. Henry C. Warmoth was elected governor of Louisiana in 1868. He was a carpetbagger who changed his allegiance to the conservatives in the state and went against the radicals who had the backing of the President. This caused a run-in with United States Marshal Packard, and the fight was on.
Warmoth had the majority of the votes of the conservative majority. Packard appealed to the U.S. District judge, Durell. Durell then prohibited the conservative legislature of Louisiana from meeting, and ordered federal troops to occupy their hall and keep them from meeting. A radical governor and legislature were then declared elected. Two different electoral results were sent to Washington, and two separate governments were set up in New Orleans.
The radical Legislature then went through the process of impeaching Warmoth, and declared that another carpetbagger, Kellogg, was the new governor. The conservative legislature stuck with Warmoth until the end of his term in January 1873, then installed McEnery as governor. The President recognized Kellogg, and ordered federal troops to protect him.
In Congress, the Louisiana gubernatorial election of 1872 became a heated issue. They eventually rejected both governments and called for a new vote. The whites of most of the state and the city of New Orleans recognized and backed the McEnery government, while the blacks of the state backed Kellogg. In many of the rural districts of Louisiana, armed conflicts developed, as anarchy reigned in Louisiana (Dunning, 217-219).
Last Updated 4/25/00 by Buddy Harned