The Army of Northern Virginia
Major Commanders of the Army of Northern Virginia
Ambrose Powell Hill
A.P. Hill was born on November 9, 1825 in Culpeper, Virginia. He attended West Point and was commissioned to the artillery after graduation in 1847. Hill resigned from the U.S. Army and was named commander of the 13th Virginia. After being promoted to Brigadier General and winning distinction at the battle of Williamsburg he was promoted to Major General on May 26, 1861. Hill was in many major battles including First and Second Bull Run, Seven Days, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, and the Wilderness. Hill was a tough general who was a master of rapid movement. Lee referred to him as "the best solider of his grade with me."
John Bell Hood
John Bell Hood was born in Owingville, Kentucky on June 1, 1831. He graduated from West Point in 1852 and eventually found himself under the command of Robert E. Lee in the Texas 2nd Cavalry. He resigned from the Union Army in April 1861 and was made a Lieutenant in the Confederacy. In March 1862 he was named Brigadier General of the Texas Brigade. Hood was wounded badly at Gettysburg and later had to have a leg amputated from another injury. Hood fought in the major battles of Second Bull Run, Antietam, Gettysburg and other battles in the West. Hood has been characterized as aggressive and fearless leader. He was better suited to lead smaller commands.
Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson
Stonewall Jackson was born on January 21, 1824 in Clarksburg, Virginia. He graduated from West Point in 1846. He served under Winfield Scott in Mexico and was awarded for bravery. He resigned from his position in February of 1852 and went on to teach artillery tactics at Virginia Military Institute. He joined the Confederate Army as a Colonel and was promoted to a Brigadier General in a few months. He was later promoted to Lieutenant General and commander of the II Corps in September of 1862. At Chancellorsville Stonewall was shot in confusion by his own men and had to have his arm amputated. He caught pneumonia and died on May 10, 1863. Jackson was a fearless commander that was respected by all. Lee told him after his wounding at Chancellorsville: "You have lost your left arm. I have lost my right arm.
Longstreet was born on January 8, 1821 in South Carolina. He graduated from West Point in 1842. He served under Scott and Zachary Taylor in Mexico. He resigned from the Union Army and was commissioned to Brigadier General in June 1861. He served in many major battles such as First and Second Bull Run, Seven Days, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Gettysburg, and the Wilderness(where he was wounded by his own men). He has been criticized in the years following the war for not being aggressive and not following Lee’s orders. After the war he was seen as a traitor by many for cooperating with the Union officials in the Reconstruction of the South. He held many positions for the U.S. government following the war.
Born in Richmond, Virginia on January 21, 1825. Graduated last in his class from West Point in 1859. He served under Winfield Scott in Mexico where he won distinction for various acts of bravery. He entered the Confederate Army as a Colonel in June 1861 after resigning from the Union Army. He was promoted to Brigadier General in January of 1862. After being out of service while recovering from an injury he was promoted to Major General on October 10. He led the famous "Pickett’s Charge" at Gettysburg. He served in many campaigns such as Seven Days, Fredericksburg, Gettysburg, and Cold Harbor. He surrendered with Lee at Appomatox on April 9, 1865. He was later offered, but refused, a commission as a Brigadier General in the Egyptian Army. Pickett was a flamboyant General who was better suited with smaller commands.
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This page was last updated 3-5-00.