"I am tired of fighting...Our chiefs are killed.  Looking Glass is dead.  He who led on the young men, Alikut, is dead.  It is cold and we have no blankets.  The little children are freezing to death.  I am tired.  My heart is sick and sad.  From where the sun now stands I will fight no more forever.


-Chief Joseph 's surrender

Chief Joseph
Scanned from
Fighting Indians of the West

     Just as Custer thought he was winning, Crazy Horse thought his Sioux were losing.  The massive Sioux gathering split up and went their own ways, in which they were all captured by an influx of troops that had come from the East.  Crazy Horse died in battle, and Chief Sitting Bull surrendered and ended up living the rest of his life in agony.
     A few more major skirmishes would be fought before the wars came to an end.  The Nez PercÚs, led by Chief Joseph, is just as famous in lore as Custer.  The Nez PercÚs tribe refused to move from Eastern Oregon to a reservation in Idaho.  Joseph and his warriors fought a few successful battles, yet saw that he was not going to be able to beat the army soldiers, General O.O. Howard's men, and he led a retreat for hundreds of miles.  This is the longest and greatest military retreat ever.  After one final battle, Chief Joseph surrendered and vowed never to fight again.  Equal casualties were inflicted, though, on both sides.
     A final battle ensued a decade later.  Wovoka launched a new religion that was the misinterpreted message of hope from white missionaries.  Rumors of his "Ghost Dancers" and a unity with Chief Sitting Bull led to the angry mob going to the badlands, where a sudden civil war within the Indians was on.  Eventually, the US Army quelled the mess.  Chief Big Foot surrendered and his group was led by the Seventh Cavalry to Wounded Knee Creek, where the Indians were massacred.  This ended the great Indian wars of the West.



-Taken from Tebble and Jennison, Chapter 15 and 16.

Start Page/Introduction | During the Civil War | During the Reconstruction | The "Buffalo Soldiers" | Gen. Custer and Little Bighorn | The Aftermath | Bibliography and Links