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1856 Ironton Register

Abolitionists and slave supporters, making a divided Cincinnati, disputed whether the Federal Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 should be up held. It turns out, in terms of legal history, a trial that involved all the issues of slaves' rights and conflict of laws, issues later that would lead to civil war. (Weisenberg stated in a news article in the Courier Journal on November 1, 1998) Under the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850, Garner and her family were to be returned to their Kentucky owners, while others thought that the states murder trial should overrule the act, leaving the family in Cincinnati. The city almost became under martial law because of the controversy of the Slave Act and the state right of Ohio being a free state. The trial lasted two weeks. The defense counsel for brought witnesses to prove that the fugitives had been permitted to visit the city previously at various times. According to a law that liberated slaves who were brought into free states by the consent of their masters. This meant that Margaret Garner was free from the moment , including her children, who were all born after the fact. The Commissioner of the case decided that a voluntary return to slavery, after her visit to the free state, cancelled out the law, in turn becoming a slave once again. In the end of the preceding, the Commissioner demanded the return of the slave, upholding the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850. She was sold after being sent back to Kentucky, to a plantation in Mississippi, where she took her last breath in 1858.


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