Signed by the United States, Great Britain, France, Spain, the Netherlands


  1. Britain recognized the independence of the U.S.
  2. The War of the American Revolution was ended; P.O.W.'s were released.
  3. Britain agreed to evacuate its troops from the U.S. "with all convenient speed"; evacuating troops would not destroy or carry-off property (including slaves) belonging to Americans and compensation would be made by Britain for American property losses caused by evacuating troops.
  4. Borders of U.S. established (East--Atlantic Ocean; South--31st Parallel; West--Mississippi River; North--Line running from Lake of the Woods through Great Lakes and then along New York-New Hampshire-Maine boundary with Canada).
  5. Neither nation would make laws which would prevent creditors of the other nation from collecting debts made before 1783.
  6. Congress would recommend to the states that they restore the property and civil rights of the Loyalists.
  7. Loyalists would not be punished for helping Britain in the war.
  8. U.S. could continue to exercise traditional fishing rights in the Grand Banks (east of Newfoundland and Nova Scotia) and in the Gulf of St. Lawrence; American fishermen could dry their catch on uninhabited Canadian shorelands.
  9. U.S. and Britain would "forever" retain right to navigate on the Mississippi River.


  1. France received greater fishing rights in the Grand Banks.
  2. France received the colonies of Senegal in Africa and Tobago in the Caribbean.
  3. France received the right to fortify its port of Dunkirk on the English Channel.
  4. France received a small increase in its trading rights in India.
  5. Britain returned to France the following islands seized during the war: St. Lucia (Caribbean Sea), St. Pierre (Gulf of St. Lawrence), and Miquelon (Gulf of St. Lawrence).
  6. France returned to Britain all Caribbean islands seized during the war: Grenada, the Grenadines, Dominica, St. Christopher, Nevis, Monserrat.


  1. Spain received the colonies of East Florida and West Florida from Britain.
  2. Spain received the island of Minorca in the Mediterranean Sea.
  3. Britain lost rights to cut trees and to conduct lumbering operations on the coast of Spanish America, except on the coast of Honduras.


  1. The Netherlands received a trading post in India (Trincomali).
  2. The Netherlands lost a trading post (Negapatam) in Ceylon (modern Sri Lanka).
  3. The Netherlands recognized the right of Britain to trade in and to navigate the waters surrounding the Dutch East Indies.
  4. When British and Dutch ships met on the high seas, Dutch ships were required to lower their flags in honor of Britain.

| This page was last updated on 12/3/95 | Return to History 325 Supplements | Site Map |

Dr. Harold D. Tallant, Department of History, Georgetown College
400 East College Street, Georgetown, KY 40324, (502) 863-8075