POLITICAL ORIENTATION OF MAJOR
ETHNOCULTURAL GROUPS
1830-90

Strongly Whig/Republican
75-100 %


Quaker
Scots-Irish Presbyterian
Free Will Baptists
Congregationalists
New School Presbyterians
Unitarians
Northern Methodists
Irish Methodists
Cornish Methodists
Welsh Methodists
Swedish Lutherans
Norwegian Lutherans
Haugean Lutherans
New England Episcopalians
New Dutch Reformed
French Huguenots
Black Protestants

 
Moderately Whig/Republican
50-75 %


Christian Church-Disciples of Christ
Missionary Baptists
Regular Baptists
Midwestern Universalists
Old School Presbyterians
New German Lutherans
Danish Lutherans
German Pietistic Groups
Amish
Brethren
Mennonites
Moravians
New Dutch Christian Reformed

   
Strongly Democratic
75-100 %


Irish Catholics
German Catholics
French Catholics
Bohemian Catholics
French Canadians
French
Southern Baptists
Southern Methodists

 
Moderately Democratic
50-75 %


Old British Episcopalians
Southern Presbyterians
New England Universalists
Southern Christian-Disciples of Christ
Old German Lutherans
Old German Reformed
Old Dutch Reformed

  

SOURCE: Robert F. Swierenga, "Ethnoreligious Political Behavior in the Mid-Nineteenth Century: Voting, Values, Cultures," in Religion and American Politics: From the Colonial Period to the 1980s, ed. Mark A. Noll (New York: Oxford University Press, 1990), 157.

HIS 338: Religion in American History
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Dr. Harold D. Tallant, Department of History, Georgetown College
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