Lucretia Mott
 

 


African American Citizenship and Suffrage

However, two concrete steps forward did not mean that Lucretia Mott could retire from her efforts on behalf of blacks.Just because the Thirteenth Amendment was ratified did not mean that blacks would be treated with respect, let alone treated as the equals of whites.In fact, a new hurdle now stood in front of Mott and her abolitionist friends--blacks needed a fresh start in America, including basic rights such as citizenship and suffrage.Just as she had opened she and her husbandís home as a haven for slaves traveling the Underground Railroad before emancipation,[21] now she helped blacks get on their feet after emancipation by giving them practical items such as school supplies.[22]She also joined the suffrage movement that petitioned for the right of blacks to vote.[23]Soon, these efforts proved fruitful as well.In July of 1868 the Fourteenth Amendment would be ratified, making all blacks citizens of the United States.Then the Fifteenth Amendment was ratified February of 1870, providing voting rights to blacks.Years of work entrenched in the belief of egalitarianism culminated in the passage of these constitutional amendments and therefore, in a major change in American society.

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[21] Mott, Her Own Words, 292.

[22] Bowden, Dictionary, 320.

[23] Ibid., 320.