MUS 570B

Step Recording

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Step Recording (p. 405ff) is a useful procedure when, due to the technical nature of a particular music passage, realtime recording may be difficult.  An example would be a fast, technical run.  Rather than try again and again to play the run correctly, it would be more expeditious to use the Step Recording process to record the passage.  The drawback of Step Recording is that it tends to lack the element of human expression.

To Step Record, have the appropriate track highlighted, then, press the Step Record button--the Control Bar button with the feet.  The Step Record dialog box appears.

From the left column, Step Size may be selected for the individual rhythmic value of each note.  From the right column, the duration of each value may be selected.  If the values are to be the same, check the Follow Step Size box.  If, however, you wish to enter staccato quarter notes, for example, you should choose Quarter from the Step Size column and Eighth from the Duration column.  This will result in "short," or staccato, quarter notes.

After you have selected the appropriate size/duration and starting point (via the scrollbar), simply press the desired keyboard note (or notes, if you need to record a chord).  As long as Auto Advance is checked, as soon as you release the note(s), you will be set to enter the next note(s).  If the rhythmic values are all the same, you do not need to make any changes.  If the rhythmic values vary, simply change the menu selection prior to entering the next note.  If Auto Advance is not checked, you will need to click on the Advance button to advance to the next rhythmic entry point.

If you wish to go back a step, use the scrollbar or the arrow buttons.

Dot:  If you need to enter a dotted-note value, simply selected (Dotted).  When you select the next step size, the Dotted option is automatically unchecked, in that dotted notes are almost always followed by nondotted values.  (The Dotted option applies to both the step size and the duration.)

Note:  With some timebases--120 ticks, e.g.--a dotted 32nd note cannot be expressed in a nonfractional number of ticks.  You are allowed to select this option anyway, but the value is not correct and your step recording will gradually fall behind and off the beat if you use a dotted 32nd note for the step size.

Delete:  You can delete a step by using the Delete button on the computer keypad if you make a mistake.

Pattern:  This option lets you more easily record an exactly-repeating rhythmic pattern, including one with rests.  There are 64 steps available per pattern.  For example, the pattern 12.4 is interpreted as "one, two, rest, four.  The pattern 1.345.78 skips over the second and sixth beats of an eighth-note pattern.  You don't have to click Advance to skip the beat. (See Rests, below.)

Rests:  To insert a rest in Step Record, press the spacebar or enter a period (.), followed by clicking the Advance key after each rest entry.

Moving through time:  You can skip a step by not playing any notes and clicking Advance.  You may also use the scrollbar.  Click the scroll arrows to advance or rewind in step-size increments.  Drag the scroll box to advance by measure increments.

When you are done Step Recording, click Keep to keep everything you've done.  If you want to discard what you've done, click Close.

As long as you specify the correct data entry points (measures/beats) during Step Record, you should not have difficulty with other realtime-entered data being erased.

Step Record the following excerpt:  (use a harpsichord patch)


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