GEORGETOWN
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Music Department
Advanced Conducting: Music 336
Dr. Peter LaRue

Musical Nomenclature
Some Terms to Know

adagio..... slow, leisurely
agitato.....passionately, agitated
alla breve..... 2/2, cut time
allargando..... growing slower
allegretto..... quite lively
allegro..... lively, brisk, rapid
allegro ma non troppo.....fast, but not too fast
andante..... moderately slow, with some motion
andantino..... slower than andante
animato..... with spirit
a tempo..... the original tempo
cantabile..... singingly, song-like

comodo..... leisurely, easy
con brio..... with gusto
da capo..... from the begining, head
dal segno..... from the sign
dolce..... sweetly
elan, avec.....with dash
facile..... easy, fluent
fine..... end, close
funebre..... dirge-like
glissando.....slide
G. P...... grand or general pause
grandioso..... majestically
grazioso..... elegantly
grave..... heavy, slow
largo..... very slow, broad
leggiero.....lightly, airy
lento..... relatively slow
maestoso..... majestically
marcato..... with distinct emphasis
meno mosso..... less motion
piu mosso..... more motion
pesante.....heavy, ponderous
poco..... little
rallentando.....growing slower and slower
rinforzando..... with special accent/emphasis
ritardando..... growing slower
ritmico..... rhythmically
rubato..... rob from one beat, give to another
subito..... suddenly
tenuto..... hold for full value
troppo..... too much


Basic Tempo Values
largo: 40-60, larghetto: 60-66, adagio: 66-76, andante: 76-108
moderato: 108-120, allegro: 120-168, presto: 168-200