Lowell Mason
The Father of Music Education in America
C    O    L    L    E    G    E

Music 314
Foundations & Principles of Music Education

Dr. Peter LaRue, Instructor

Text Outline

Introduction to Music Education
by Charles Hoffer

There follows a brief synopsis of each chapter of the text. This is meant to aid your study/understanding of the text. This outline is not meant as a substitute for your complete readings of the text, nor as a "Reader's Digest" version of the book for your scholarly ease. Thanks. P. LaRue

Chapter 1: The Importance of Teaching Music [p.5]
The need for instruction
The nature of aesthetic experiences
Nonmusical reasons for music
Students or the subject
The experiences of teaching

questions 12
projects 13
references 13

Chapter 2: The Nature of Music Teaching [p.14]
What is music?
What is teaching?
Analyzing music teaching
Why have music in the schools?
What should be taught in music?
How should music be taught?
To whom is music being taught?
What are the results?
Planning for music teaching
Amount of planning by music teachers
Aids in planning
Long‑Range planning
Unit planning
Lesson planning
Sample lesson plan for general music
Planning for rehearsals
Assessing learning in music
Reasons for assessing
Ways of assessing

questions 30
projects 31
references 31

Chapter 3: The Qualities and Competencies of Music Teachers [p.32]
Personality and ego
The importance of being yourself
Human qualities and professional competence
Music teaching and you

questions 39
references 40

Chapter 4: Preparing to be a Teacher [p.42]
Specific or general preparation
Applying musical knowledge and skills
Learning in music education courses
Knowledge of teaching techniques
pre‑professional experiences
Continued growth and self‑evaluation
Teacher rating forms
Playback of classes

questions 52
project 52

Chapter 5: The Music Education Profession [p.55]
What is a profession?
The Music Educators National Conference
Being a member of a profession
Music teachers and the community
Professional musicians
Music Merchants
Private music teachers
Community organizations
The community
Teachers and educational goals

questions 62
project 62
suggested readings 64

Chapter 6: The Content of Music Classes [p. 67]
Learning in music
Musical syntax
Musical works
Intellectual understandings
Skills and activities
Guidelines for selecting music

questions 76
projects 76
references 77

Chapter 7: Development of the Profession [p. 78]

Music Education in America
Before 1800
The 19th century
The 20th century

questions 90
references 91

Chapter 8: The Nature of the Music Program [p. 92]
Goals of the music program
Elementary school music program
Types of classes
Amount of time
Personnel responsible for music instruction
Combination arrangements for instruction
Content of classroom instruction
Secondary school music programs
General music
Elective courses
Types of performing groups

questions 112
projects 113
references 113

Chapter 9: International Curriculum Developments [p. 114]
Dalcroze approach
Development and background
Characteristics of the Dalcroze approach
Orff Schulwerk
Development and background
Characteristics of Schulwerk
Kodaly approach
Development and background
Characteristics of the Kodaly program
Suzuki talent education
Development and background
Characteristics of Suzuki talent education
Foreign methods in American schools

questions 132
projects 133
references 133

Chapter 10: Challenges in Music Education [p. 134]
Music in early childhood
Music in middle schools
Assessment of learning
Education versus entertainment
Informing others about music education
Fund raising
Cultural diversity
Students at risk
Technology and music education

questions 148
projects 149
references 149

Appendix A
Off‑Campus Observation Form p.153

Appendix B          
The Music Code of Ethics p. 155

Appendix C
MENC Policy Statement of Fund‑Raising p. 158